How to fix SMART Hard Disk Error 301 in Windows?

Question

Issue: How to fix SMART Hard Disk Error 301 in Windows?

Hello. For a few months not, I receive the black screen error SMART Hard Disk Error 301 every time before Windows starts loading in. Nothing has happened so far when it comes to my laptop's usability, so I wondered how do I fix this error for good?

Solved Answer

SMART Hard Disk Error 301 is an error message which is shown right before booting into Windows, and it indicates that the hard drive on the computer is failing. It occurs during this stage of the bootup because the firmware performs checks on the system, looking for issues with the hardware. If you received this error, it means that this check found hard drive corruption, and you need to take action as soon as possible.

SMART Hard Disk Error 301 is unique to HP laptops only, as it is a result of an HP SMART check – a customized version of power-on-self-test, otherwise known as POST,[1] which is a diagnostic testing sequence initiated by all Windows machines before it begins to load all the needed components.

Once the boot sequence begins, users experiencing this problem would see the following message:

SMART Hard Disk Error

The SMART hard disk check has detected an imminent failure. To ensure no data loss, please backup the content immediately and run the Hard Disk Test in System Diagnostics.

Hard Disk 1 (301)

As the message claims, it is important to backup all the data stored on the hard drive, which should be done immediately. Unfortunately, some users said that they were unable to boot into Windows completely after receiving the SMART Hard Disk Error.

While the reason for the error is a failing or corrupted hard drive, there are several reasons why the error might show up in the first place. Most commonly, it is related to overheating problems (which are well known on laptops overall), physical hardware damage, or, in some cases, system file corruption and malware infections.

How to fix SMART Hard Disk Error 301 in Windows?

In this article, we will show you how to fix SMART Hard Disk Error 301 correctly and take appropriate actions once such error is observed. Regardless if you can or can't boot into Windows, you should perform several troubleshooting steps we provide below.

Fix 1. Restart your computer

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If you are experiencing SMART Hard Disk Error 301 for the first time, the first thing you should do is try to restart your computer. The error might be a false positive, so it is worth checking whether it occurs again after restarting your laptop.

If that did not help, you could also try using a hard restart. Here's how:

  • Completely turn off your computer
  • Pull out the battery plug if it is connected to the socket
  • Remove the batter fully
  • Now, press the power button on your laptop and hold it for around 30 seconds
  • Put the battery back in and try starting the device once again – see if the problem is solved. Perform a hard reboot

Fix 2. Test hard disk from the BIOS

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To repair damaged system, you have to purchase the licensed version of Reimage Reimage.

You can run a hard drive check within BIOS[2] environment if you are unable to boot into Windows normally. Here's how:

  • Restart your device
  • When it begins booting, keep pressing F10 on your keyboard to access BIOS
  • Use Right arrow on your keyboard to go to the Diagnostics tab
  • Pick Primary Hard Drive Self Test and press Enter Test hard disk from the BIOS
  • Let the test run – it may take awhile.

If the check detects problems, it further confirms that your hard drive is about to get corrupted. If no errors were found, proceed with the steps below.

Fix 3. Run check disk

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To repair damaged system, you have to purchase the licensed version of Reimage Reimage.

Most people who do receive the SMART Hard Disk Error 301 error are able to access their normal Windows interface.[3] If you also can, you should perform a check disk via Command Prompt – it can fix bad sectors and directory errors that could be causing the error in the first place.

  • Type in cmd in Windows search
  • Right-click on Command Prompt search result and select Run as administrator
  • In the new window, copy and paste the following command, pressing Enter after:

    chkdsk C: /f /r /x

  • The check will not run yet, so you have to in Y and press Enter Run check disk
  • Finally, restart your PC to start the check.

Fix 4. Check for file system errors

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To repair damaged system, you have to purchase the licensed version of Reimage Reimage.
  • Press Win + E to open File explorer
  • On the left side, click This PC
  • Right-click on your main drive (C: by default) and select Properties Go to C Properties
  • Go to Tools tab
  • Under Error checking click Check
  • If User Account Control shows up, click Yes
  • If the popup says you don't need to scan the drive, pick Scan drive Perform error check
  • Wait till the scan finishes and reports findings.

Fix 5. Run an automatic repair tool

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To repair damaged system, you have to purchase the licensed version of Reimage Reimage.

If you are not that familiar with Windows or troubleshooting is difficult, there are automatic solutions for your PC problems – ReimageMac Washing Machine X9. This repair tool can find and replace damaged Windows system files, remove malware, fix missing DLLs, registry errors, and much more. If you are suffering from multiple errors and frequent BSODs, this tool is right for you.

Run automatic repair tool

Fix 6. Backup your data and replace your hard drive

Fix it now! Fix it now!
To repair damaged system, you have to purchase the licensed version of Reimage Reimage.

If all the above steps did not help you fix SMART Hard Disk Error 301 error, you need to replace your hard drive. Since it is likely you are using a laptop, the process is quite a bit different than it would be on a PC.

If you still have a warranty for your HP laptop, we strongly advise you to contact your local HP branch and explain the situation. It is likely that you will get full support and a replacement of the hard drive.

Finally, before you do anything, make sure you backup all the personal files you hold on your computer, as hard drive corruption may cause a full data loss. For that, you can employ Data Recovery Pro.

Repair your Errors automatically

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Prevent websites, ISP, and other parties from tracking you

To stay completely anonymous and prevent the ISP and the government from spying on you, you should employ Private Internet Access VPN. It will allow you to connect to the internet while being completely anonymous by encrypting all information, prevent trackers, ads, as well as malicious content. Most importantly, you will stop the illegal surveillance activities that NSA and other governmental institutions are performing behind your back.

 

Recover your lost files quickly

Unforeseen circumstances can happen at any time while using the computer: it can turn off due to a power cut, a Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) can occur, or random Windows updates can the machine when you went away for a few minutes. As a result, your schoolwork, important documents, and other data might be lost. To recover lost files, you can use Data Recovery Pro – it searches through copies of files that are still available on your hard drive and retrieves them quickly.

 

About the author
Jake Doe
Jake Doe - Computer technology geek

Jake Doe is the news editor at UGetFix. Since he met Ugnius Kiguolis in 2003, they both launched several projects that spread awareness about cybercrimes, malware, and other computer-related problems.

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